This information is part of the Business Simulation Library (BSL).


J.W. Forrester, "Industrial dynamics: a major breakthrough for decision makers," Harvard Business Review, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 37-66, 1958.


J.W. Forrester, Industrial Dynamics, Cambridge, MA, USA: M.I.T. Press, 1961.

[3] J.D. Sterman, Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World. Boston, MA, USA:  McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2000.
[4] K. Saeed and A.A. Irdamidiris, "Continuous non-linear functions for use in system dynamics modeling," DYNAMICA, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 16-23, Summer 1984. Available:
[5] F.M. Bass, "A new product growth for model consumer durables," Management Science, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 215-227, Jan. 1969. 

J. Hines, Molecules of Structure: Building Blocks for System Dynamics Models Version 2.03 (2015). Available:


J.D.W. Morecroft, “A critical review of diagramming tools for conceptualizing feedback system models,” DYNAMICA, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 20–29, Summer 1982. Available:


B. Richmond, An Introduction to Systems Thinking, Lebanon, NH, USA: isee systems, 2004.


A. Ford, Modeling the Environment, 2nd ed. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press, 2010.


H. Bossel, Systems and Models: Complexity, Dynamics, Evolution, Sustainability. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2007.


H. Bossel, System Zoo 1 Simulation Models: Elementary Systems, Physics, Engineering. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2007.


H. Bossel, System Zoo 2 Simulation Models: Climate, Ecosystems, Resources. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2007.


H. Bossel, System Zoo 3 Simulation Models: Economy, Society, Development. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2007.


R.G. Coyle, System Dynamics Modelling: A Practical Approach, 1st ed. London, UK: Chapman & Hall, 1996.


K. Warren, Strategic Management Dynamics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2008.


M.J. Radzicki, “Dyadic processes, tempestous relationsships, and system dynamics,” System Dynamics Review, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 79–94, 1993.


F. Hoppenstedt, “Predator-prey model,” Scholarpedia, vol. 1, p. 1523, 2006. Available:


P. Junglas, Praxis der Simulationstechnik - Eine Einführung in signal- und objektorientierte Methoden, 1st ed. Haan-Gruiten: Verl. Europa-Lehrmittel, 2014.


A. Janoschek, “Das reaktionskinetische Grundgesetz und seine Beziehungen zum Wachstums-und Ertragsgesetz,” Statistische Vierteljahresschrift, vol. 10, pp. 25–37, 1957.


D.N. Ford, "A system dynamics glossary," System Dynamics Review, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 369–379, 2019. Available:


United Nations, System of environmental-economic accounting 2012: Central framework. New York, 2014.


H. Bossel, Indicators for sustainable development: Theory, method, applications; a report to the Balaton group. Winnipeg: IISD, 1999. Available:


W.O. Kermack and A.G. McKendrick, "A contribution to the mathematical theory of epidemics," Proceedings of the royal society of london. Series A, Containing papers of a mathematical and physical character, vol. 115, no. 772, pp. 700-721, 1927.


E.J.A. van Zijderveld, "MARVEL: Principles of a method for semi-qualitative system behaviour and policy analysis," Proceedings of the 25th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society and 50th Anniversary Celebration, 2007. Available:


H. Bossel, Systeme, Dynamik, Simulation: Modellbildung Analyse und Simulation komplexer Systeme. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2004.


W.H. Press, S.A. Teukolsky, W.T. Vetterling, and B.P. Flannery, Numerical recipes: The art of scientific computing, 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2007.


A. Louwen and J. Subtil Lacerda, "The experience curve: concept, history, methods, and issues," in Technological Learning in the Transition to a Low-Carbon Energy System: Conceptual Issues, Empirical Findings, and Use, in Energy Modeling, M. Junginger and A. Louwen, Eds., Cambridge, MA, USA: Academic Press, 2020, pp. 9-31.


G.W. Reichert, "Hierarchical, Component-Based Modeling Using the Cyber-Physical Modeling Language Modelica", Conference Record of the 2022 System Dynamics Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, 2022. Available: